For the Catalans, FC Barcelona is one of the most important symbols of Catalan national pride, as it is a symbol of resistance against the oppression to which they were subjected, especially by the Franco regime.
Browsing the books and history of the great Barcelona club gives a sense of the spirit of the Spanish giant,
who has written and still many successes in the field of world football.
During the last period, with a 2-0 victory over Juventus, a 1-3 defeat by Real Madrid, and the resignation of its president,
Bartomeu, Barcelona remains more than just a club.
Other than football, Barcelona has many elements, as it has nearly 162,000 members,
it is the second-largest sports club in the world, and with Camp Nou, it has the largest football stadium in Europe.
For the Catalans, FC Barcelona is one of the most important symbols of Catalan national pride,
as it is a symbol of resistance against the oppression to which they were subjected, especially by the Franco regime.
Since its inception in 1899, Barcelona has witnessed many ups and downs,
including sporting successes such as winning the European Champions League and five cups in one year,
and acts of oppression such as the killing of the club’s president, Josep Sonal, by the soldiers of the dictator «Francesco Franco»,
an incident that represented one Shocks in club history.
Hans Gamper .. and the founding of Barcelona
Hans Max Gamper was born in Winterthur, Switzerland, on November 22, 1877,
after his mother’s death, the family of the passionate athlete moved to Zurich,
and he loved cycling, running, rugby, tennis, and golf.
Gamper was the captain of the Swiss football team Basel in 1897, a famous club that was founded 6 years before Barcelona,
after which he moved to Lyon, and after only one year he was supposed to go to Africa,
to contribute to the establishment of sugar companies.
On his way there (at the time there were no scheduled flights) he visited his uncle Emily Gessert in Barcelona,
Gamper fell in love with the city, learned Spanish, and Catalan and adopted the Catalan version of his name, Joan.
Gamper edited the sports magazine Los Deportes, and on October 22, 1899 he posted an advertisement declaring his desire to establish a football club in Barcelona.
There was great positive reaction. On November 29, Swiss, British, Catalan and Spanish soccer fans met and contributed to the birth of FC Barcelona,
and the founding members are Joan Gamper, Perry Cabot, Enrique Ducal, Otto Kunzel, Otto Mayer, Josep Lopez, and Luis de Osso, John Parsons, William Parsons, Carles Pujol, Bartomeu Terradas, and Gualtieri Wild.
Gamper .. and the leadership of the Barcelona team
The first president of the club came, and the Englishman was Gualtieri Wilde,
while Gamper played in the Barcelona soccer team as captain, and in 1908,
Gamper became president of the club, and he held this position five times until 1925,
and one of his most important achievements was the construction of the first stadium La Escopidora with a capacity of 6000 Spectator.
It was inaugurated in the “Camp del La Industria” on March 14, 1909, and was the first stadium for Barcelona, and also the first to have floodlights in Spain.
Until then, FC Barcelona was playing in the fields near the Casanova Hotel, near the Carretera d’Orta and Carrer Montaner. At that time, Barcelona had about 600 members.
Gambier’s final presidency ended on June 25, 1925, during an international match against England, Catalan fans applauded the Spanish national anthem and applauded the English anthem.
The dictator Prima de Rivera – a Real Madrid fan – accused Gamber of promoting Catalan nationalism and expelling him from Spain, and the stadium was closed for six months.
After his expulsion, Gamper returned to Switzerland, suffered depression and committed suicide in July 1930, at the age of 52, in Barcelona, a street named after him and his Barcelona club number was vacant forever